In pipe 24 inches deep min.
Greetings all, I know this is *technically* an electrical question but I think it's the closest I'm going to come to a perfect forum for asking this question.
I have a barn/woodshop that is about 100' from my house. The barn has electrical and natural gas running to it so that's all fine. What I would like to do is run out some Ethernet and Coax cable for computing and Television. I found a number of various posts in various locations talking about burying power cables in the ground and whether or not they needed to be run in conduit and the like--but really nothing about these "data" runs.
So, my question is just that: what would be the best plan for me to get the wire out to the barn? Direct burial cable not in a conduit? Burial in some form of PVC pipe? If so, how deep should each one be? Other things I'm not thinking of here?
Climate info: I live in SE Michigan.
You don't want to be able to easily hit it with a shovel, or be stressed if you happen to drive over it. Since it's not carrying any electrical load, it's more about preserving it from damage than any safety issue. Not all cable is designed for direct burial, and if not, a conduit may be better for it in the long term. If your turns are correct, or you put in pulling elbows, you have the chance to pull new stuff in at some future time rather than running a new trench.
Important note - I'm not a pro
Retired Defense Industry Engineer; Schluter 2.5-day Workshop Completed 2013, 2014
Data cables are seldom a "code" issue. The "rule of thumb" is that it should be buried at a depth that it is unlikely to be damaged. Metal conduit being stronger should be about 12" deep. PVC conduit CAN be damaged so it is at least 18" deep. Direct burial cable goes at least 22" deep to avoid be damaged by rototillers and the average digging process. For your purposes I would install conduit, because the odds are very good that you will eventually want to "upgrade" the installation which you could not do with "direct burial".
Licensed residential and commercial plumber
It should be in PVC pipe just for its protection.
You can put it in water pipe and lay it on the ground if you like. Or in a water hose for that mater.
Low voltage , low current wire is of no danger to a digger.
(This may depend on where you live, I use a sharpshooter 6" here and use PVC conduit, and a spare pull string. If you hit it you could be a DA.)
There may be rules how close you can put it near your natural gas, if you start digging.
Wireless may be another option.
Yet another opinion. Although burial may not be necessary, you really done want the cable damaged. I would use the direct burial cable and bury it in conduit. I would probably rent a Ditch Witch (small size) that would trench 24" deep. Yes, that's pretty deep for something that may not even need to be buried, but why run the risk of damage? The DW would make short work of a trench that deep. PVC pipe would work. Thread a stout cord in the PVC to pull the line through. Maybe overkill, but not much extra expense to have the peace of mind that you won't have an accidental break.
Some folk think that conduit is better than direct burial. I can tell you that the frost action on a conduit filled with water is a lot harder than direct burial. I have first hand seen the result of what happens when a conduit filled with water freezes, expands, and rips wire or fiber optic cable apart.
What am I missing here. Why would a PVC conduit flood with water? Each end surely would be in locations not subject to water, the underground PVV joints would be solvent welded, and if the conduit was buried deep enough so as not to be mashed by a vehicle driving over it, where does the water come from. It's rather like an irrigation line in reverse. Sorry guys, sometimes I'm a bit slow to catch on!