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Thread: Water shortages in the World and the US.

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    Forum Admin, Expert Plumber Terry's Avatar
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    Default Water shortages in the World and the US.

    Ogallala Aquifer

    Ninety-five percent of the United States' fresh water is underground. One crucial source is a huge underground reservoir, the 800-mile Ogallala aquifer which stretches from Texas to South Dakota and provides an estimated third of all US irrigation water. The aquifer was formed over millions of years, but has since been cut off from its original natural sources and is being steadily depleted. In some areas its level is dropping by three to five feet (90 - 150cm) a year. Estimates for its remaining lifespan vary in different areas, ranging from 60 to 250 years

    In a few months, if all goes according to plan, 80 million gallons of Blue Lake water will be siphoned into the kind of tankers normally reserved for oil—and shipped to a bulk bottling facility near Mumbai. From there it will be dispersed among several drought-plagued cities throughout the Middle East. The project is the brainchild of two American companies. One, True Alaska Bottling, has purchased the rights to transfer 3 billion gallons of water a year from Sitka’s bountiful reserves. The other, S2C Global, is building the water-processing facility in India.

    Water, water, but not everywhere
    Another resource of vital importance to the region is water. Egypt, Iran, and Turkey are the only countries in the region with abundant fresh water resources. Roughly two-thirds of the Arab world depend on sources outside their borders for their water supply.

    Water wars
    The Tigris River on the border between Turkey and Iraq. Scarcity of water is a longstanding source of much tension among many Middle Eastern states. The scarcity of water is a major cause of tension between states in the region. Former U.N. Secretary General Boutros Boutros-Ghali has said that the next war in the Middle East will be fought over water.


    Today is World Water Day. This marks another year when water gets less attention than oil, and the coming crisis becomes more severe.
    Through the Middle East and parts of America and Asia, water is a physical scarcity.
    Last edited by Terry; 04-30-2011 at 11:32 AM.

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