A true 240 volt load only needs 3 wires...2 hots and a ground. White neutral not needed.
Your range may be a true 240 volt load. You need to check the instructions.
A lot of electrice dryers, and ranges, are referred to as 120/240. That is, parts of the appliance like perhaps motor or timer, are 120 volt. The "big heat" is 240. Those appliances need a NEUTRAL wire. In the past, the neutral was allowed to be connected to chassis and also serve as ground. On new installs, for some years, that is not allowed, but if you had an existing 3 wire stove or dryer, you could connect a new one on that 3 wire.
So you need to figure out what your new stove really needs.