(206) 949-5683, Top Rated Plumber, Seattle
Results 1 to 4 of 4

Thread: Mono tees installed backwards

  1. #1
    Questions from readers Guest's Avatar
    Join Date
    Nov 2005
    Location
    posts, emails and comments from readers reposted by Terry
    Posts
    187

    Default Mono tees installed backwards

    Will a heating system function properly if the monoT's were installed backwards?

    We have a basement that will be heated with 3 hydronic wall units (like kick heaters).
    This is a separate zone.
    The mono T's, one per heater, were installed backwards I believe.
    See picture.
    Attached Images Attached Images  
    Last edited by Terry; 01-14-2008 at 05:50 PM.

  2. #2
    In the Trades Bob NH's Avatar
    Join Date
    Oct 2005
    Location
    New Hampshire
    Posts
    3,307

    Default

    You will get some of the intended effect of the monoflow tee if it is installed backwards as shown in the picture, as the first tee branching off to the heater.

    The monoflow tee is intended to work as a venturi where the flow through the run of the tee, into the large end of the nozzle and out the small end of the nozzle, produces a low pressure at the outlet of the small end. The differential pressure (now higher at the first tee and lower at the second tee) causes flow through the heater in the branch loop.

    There are 4 ways to install a single monoflow tee. Three are wrong.

    1. The correct way is at the return from the heater to the main pipe, the second tee of the pair in the direction of the main flow, with the venturi element (the small diameter internal to the tee) pointed in the direction of flow.

    2. The second way, that will have some effect, is to install the monoflow tee at the first branch to the heater with the small end of the intenal element pointing "against" the flow, as in the picture. That condition will cause more pressure loss in the loop but it will cause some flow to go through the "side loop" and through the heater.

    3. If the tee is installed backwards (flow going into the small part) AND at the second tee where the flow is returning from the heater, it will not work properly but there will be some flow through the heater loop.

    4. If the tee is installed in the correct direction (flow coming out of the small internal portion), but at the first tee off the main line to the heater, it will not work properly but there will be some flow through the heater loop.

    It is possible to install TWO monoflow tees, one as described in (1.) above and one as described in (2.) above, to increase the flow through the heater. It causes more pressure loss in the loop and reduces the flow that can be driven by the circulator pump.

  3. #3
    Moderator & Master Plumber hj's Avatar
    Join Date
    Aug 2004
    Location
    Cave Creek, Arizona
    Posts
    25,633

    Default tees

    At one time B&G made two different MonoFlo tees. One for the supply and one for the return. Then they realized that they were essentially the same so the started making just one version, but they put a red band around one side so the installer would know which way it went depending on whether he was using it for a supply or return. They work just as efficiently either way as long as the flow is going in the correct direction. If the heater is below the main supply pipe, then the unit needs MonoFlo tees on both the supply and return connections.

  4. #4

    Default

    Have come across a few mono-flo systems that were piped backwards when a changeout was done. One system was done 5 years prior to me getting there and figuring it out. It works but not very well. You may have uneven heat distribution and air problems (not being able to get the air out because of vent being on wrong side of radiator).

Bookmarks

Posting Permissions

  • You may not post new threads
  • You may not post replies
  • You may not post attachments
  • You may not edit your posts
  •