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# Thread: How much slope is too much?

1. ## How much slope is too much?

I've received conflicting advice and thought I'd ask folks who have real experience with this. Has anyone ever seen a drain stopped up due to having too much slope? If so, how much slope is too much?

If a 3" PVC toilet drain has a slope of 3/8" inch per foot, is that more likely to cause trouble or is it more likely that it will work ok in spite of being more than the standard 1/4?

2. As long as you have the minimum slope or more, you are okay. There is an old wife's tale about liquids overrunning the solids. Gravity works on both the same...

3. If there were such a thing as too much slope, what do you do in a 10 story building? I suppose if you are talking about slopes in excess of 45º or so, then the same considerations as apply to high vertical stacks might come into play. What is your specific situation?

4. Over 45 is okay, gravity takes over like Jadnashua said.

Below 1/4 per foot, things stay mixed & all move together.

Between 1/4 per foot and 45 is where you can get into trouble, gravity's not enough of a factor to overcome friction (which acts diferently on solids & liquids).

Related topic: there's such a thing as an oversized drain.

5. I had heard what jadnashua says is a wive's tail about liquids outrunning solids if the slope is between 1/4" per foot and 45º.

My specific situation is what I described with the 3/8 inch per foot slope. I'm installing a new pipe which has this slope unless I break out more of a nasty old wall made of concrete and large river rocks. But if it's just a solution looking for a problem, why bother.

6. Hmm there will be Teflon coated PVC in a year or to I bet.

7. ## slope

as long as you meet or exceed the minimum 1/4" per foot slope you will not have any problems.

8. ## thanks

Thanks for the info everybody. Much appreciated.

9. what do you do in a 10 story building?
Hmmmm...what DO they do?

When you flush a toilet on the tenth (or 110th) floor does it just drop straight down? It must make one hell of a splash when it hits. Do they throw some kind of baffling system in place? Do they swoop it up like a roller coaster?

Anyone???

10. Well now that's a pretty picture (not).

The "liquid" flow will be on the pipe walls and maybe some solid (ish) slugs with air venting up the center. Call it churn flow and let it go at that...

(There are people that develop numerical models in order to predict behavior of this type of flow. Ok, maybe the models don't include solids...)

11. Originally Posted by Alectrician
Hmmmm...what DO they do?

When you flush a toilet on the tenth (or 110th) floor does it just drop straight down? It must make one hell of a splash when it hits. Do they throw some kind of baffling system in place? Do they swoop it up like a roller coaster?

Anyone???
When the waste water enters the stack from the drain it doesn't just freefall down the pipe. It hugs the wall of the pipe and drains in a circular motion. As the water flows down the stack it increases in speed until it reaches terminal velocity. It continues flowing down the pipe in a circular motion gradually closing up until the pipe is running "full". As the water flows down the pipe it is then pushing the air ahead of it. When the flowing water builds up enough pressure (from the air)it then "breaks up" and starts the proccess all over again. That is why tall buildings require yoke vents to prevent the system from building up enough pressure under the flowing water to blow the traps on the fixtures underneath it. The Sovent system is designed to prevent the water from reaching that point without the use of a yoke vent. It does however have a relief vent at the bottom of the stack. That is the general principle without getting into details. Doesn't matter if the water flows down 10 stories or 100 stories, once it reaches it's terminal velocity it will not fall any faster. Hope this helped your curiosity.

12. ## velocity

And some systems are designed with an offset in the riser every few floors to reduce the velocity even more.

13. Hope this helped your curiosity.
Thanks, it does help. Now I have the image of a 120MPH turd

Can you describe a yoke vent?

14. A yoke vent is just a vent that wye's off the main stack then turns up and goes through the roof.

15. So if I were to cap off the vents on a hi rise, there would be some serious snit flying out of the ground level toilets?

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